This passage ‘So you’re lost in the wilderness-these tips could save your life’ is an article written by the author Mark Jenkins. The purpose of this passage is to inform the reader about things you can do to be found if you get lost in the wild, the language of this article is formal. Furthermore the audience of this passage are young adults and adults, and the tone of the passage is directive (as it gives directions) and straight forward, in addition the theme of the passage is about hiking.This passage is informing its readers about the ways they can be found if they get lost while hiking in the mountains.
Firstly this passage contains rhetorical questions, and a lot of them. This is evident by “How long ago was that?”, “How do you feel?”, and “can you see any landmarks?” Rhetorical questions give the reader something to think about. In this situation the writer has used them to make the reader think about these questions;as if they were a lost person in the mountains, he has directed them to think about the answers which are the nearest solutions.
Secondly, the writer has used alliteration, this is evident by, “simply stop” and “nearing night.” Alliteration emphasizes and reinforces the meaning of a statement. Here the author has used it to while telling the readers about what to do; look at nature’s signs and calm down.
Thirdly, the author has used generalization in the passage. This is evident by, “thousands of hikers get lost every year.” This is to tell the reader that it is not something abnormal nor is it the end of the world as it is possible to find your way back as those hikers do. Generalization helps the author to interact with the reader which makes it seem that many people do it and they think about it as a group.
Furthermore, the passage uses an anecdote. This is clearly shown when it is said, “I’ve been lost in remote wilderness.” This shows the reader that he is a survivor himself and has experienced this situation himself. Anecdote connects the reader to the passage and involves them in it mentally as well.
In addition, this passage uses an acronym which is clear when it is said “ STOP.” Acronyms help the readers to remember the steps given. In this passage the author has used STOP as an acronym to help them to remember, stop, think, observe, and plan.
In conclusion, the author has used rhetorical questions, generalization, alliteration, anecdote and acronym to convey the meaning and directions used.