Q) How has the writer of the text used style and language to convey meaning? By Haider Khan.


The title of this text is ‘Human noise pollution is everywhere, even in national parks’ which suggests that we, humans, tend to pollute everything be it the sky, oceans or land. This means that humans release toxic gases in the air and dump our waste material in the oceans or we just throw them on the roads etc. The author of this text is Sarah Kaplan, who is a well known author and the source of this text is ‘The Washington Post’. The language used in this text is informative, which grabs the reader’s attention. The theme of this text is about preserving nature. The writer talks about we humans have polluted nature and to further support her point she says, “This noise pollution doesn’t just disrupt hikers; it can also frighten, distract or harm animals that inhabit in the wilderness, setting off changes that cascade through the entire ecosystem.” The contention of this text is ‘In wintertime, the sounds of nature… snowy ground.’

The writer uses statistics such as, “But 63 percent of protected areas experienced at least a three-decibel increase in sound levels caused by noise pollution…” This provides an effect of authority as the reader believes that the writer has hold of much more information than them and due to this they readily believe the writer.

The writer quotes some experts such as, “When we think about wilderness, we think about dark skies, going to see outstanding scenery,” said Megan MeKenna, a scientist…” By quoting experts the writer gains the reader’s attention and the intended effect was to simply make the reader agree with her points.

The writer uses jargon in the text as, “buffer-zones, HVAC systems.” This catches the reader’s attention by using special words which may not be understood by some and the intended effect here is to make the text seem more appealing and interesting to read.

Moreover, the writer uses a set of triples in her text, “growling car engines, children shrieking nearby, mining…” By using triples the writer creates an effect of real-time conversation, which the readers find appealing as they feel more interested in the text. The intended effect here is to make the reader interested in the text by using a technique that is found appealing by most.

Lastly, the writer’s tone is biased but for good reason as she is trying to emphasise on the point that humans are destroying nature as we speak and this can be shown by, “These efforts aren’t just for the animals sake, the researchers say. “We have all this research about how important it is to our human health and well-being”. By having a biased tone the writer can make the reader understand and believe that preserving nature is extremely important. The intended effect here is to make the reader agree with the writer.

The commutative intended effect in the text is to make the reader believe and agree with the writer, through the use of linguistic techniques such as triples, jargon, quoting experts and using statistics.

About froebelianwriters

I am an English Language teacher teaching O'Levels Edexcel and CIE A Levels at Froebel's International School, Islamabad. I am also working as a Subject Specialist Literacy consultant for the same school. Writing and reading has always been a passion and I try my utmost to instill these habits and hobbies in my students as well. I can be reached/contacted at fabbas227@hotmail.com or 03365287335 Happy reading!

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