This article written by Mark Jenkins holds different tips on what to do if one is lost in wilderness. The themes of this passage can be getting lost, adventures, saving your life, taking risks and mindfulness. The tone of this passage is semi formal as it can be seen in the diction and the language is uncomplicated and straight forward. The audience can be all those who wish to go explore the wilderness and need proper guidance before starting their adventures. The structure of this text has long and short paragraphs and the purpose of this essay is solely to inform the readers.
Firstly, the writer uses a personal anecdote in this passage; ‘I’ve been lost in the remote wilderness of Tibet and the Sahel desert outside Timbuktu….’ This helps to connect with the reader and also serves as ethos in the passage.
Secondly, the writer has a repeated use of rhetorical questions throughout his passage. In every paragraph, three to four rhetorical questions are given with help to engage with the reader and also give examples of the tips that the writer states for example in the line, ‘Think about time. How long have you been hiking?’. This helps in enforcing the writer’s point on the reader.
The writer also has a repeated use of punctuation in his passage. For example, ‘Don’t move until you…. (if and when…..carefully)’ The use of brackets in the passages helps in adding any additional information without disrupting the structure of the sentence. The use of hyphens is also emphasized in the following phrases ‘And finally – can you make a call?’ and ‘You don’t die from not knowing where you are – you die from bad decisions.’ this again helps in adding information.
The writer frequently addresses the reader directly; as in with the word ‘you’. This again brings in pathos as the writer directly communicates with the reader.
The passage also has a use of an acronym, ‘STOP’ with a further explanation of the letters in the acronym. This helps the writer in presenting his points in a more presentable and memorable manner as the readers can then memorize this word and associate it with the other words joined to it by the reader.
There is a use of alliteration in the passage as well; ‘nearing night’, ‘leaving landmarks’, and ‘panic pass’. This helps in the rhythm of the passage as well as engaging the reader well.
In conclusion, although the writer uses less literary devices he is successful in presenting tips to survive in the wild with the help of other techniques.