AO3 ‘What’s money and Zimbabwe grapples with hyperinflation’ by Maryam Baig


The first passage ‘what’s money?’ is a piece of literature taken from the novel ‘Dombey and son’ by Charles Dickens which falls under the category of fictional story-novels. Therefore, holds the purpose of entertaining the reader and so the author must use persuasive techniques to grab and maintain the reader’s attention, forcing the reader to read further. However, the second passage ‘Zimbabwe grapples with hyperinflation’ is an extract from a newspaper article and for that reason falls under the category of non-fiction articles. As it is a newspaper report it holds the purpose of informing the reader with facts, research and detailed information.

The first passage uses a great amount of descriptive and emotional language. For example: “Why didn’t money save me my mamma?” here Paul asks his father why money couldn’t help his mother escape death. This evokes strong emotional responses from the reader. However, the second passage uses informative language with the help of stats, facts and figures. For example: “many families are unable to afford a square meal.” Due to the unrealistic price rises in Zimbabwe nobody can buy anything. As a result the reader feels that it is fully aware of what is happening around the world and is therefore satisfied.

The first passage uses a various amount of punctuation for effect. For instance: “No. a good thing can’t be cruel!” here Mr. Dombey states that money cannot be an evil thing. It is pleasing to the eye and creates a smooth flow of words for the reader to read. On the contrary, the second passage has limited amount of punctuation regardless of full stops and capital letters a couple of dashes are used at the end. For example: “I don’t know if I’ll have a job at the end of the week-so many businesses are closing down.” Correspondingly both passages create a smooth flow of words for the reader to read moreover pleasing to the eye as well as creates an image in the readers mind although the second passage did not have a great amount of punctuation.

The first passage carries a various amount of ‘figures of speech’. For instance: “presumptuous atom that propounded such an inquiry.” This is a metaphor Mr. Dombey uses to describe his son, Paul, as extremely tiny and stubborn , “as if his wit were in his palm, and he were sharpening it” is an example of simile and personification. “As though the fire had been his advisor and prompter” is another example of personification. This provides a picture in the readers mind that evokes any or all the senses, can reinforce a point without repetition although often witty it highlights a point. Moreover, the second passage has a limited amount of only two figures of speech in the whole extract. For example: “people are cannibalizing each other.” This statement is an example of a metaphor and an idiom which means that people are stealing from each other in order to be financially stable. The use of figures of speech in both passages is highly effective making it easier for the reader to understand concepts used in both passages.

The first passage uses plenty of adjectives and sensational words to express the thoughts and feelings of the characters. For example: “better gaze in sheer amazement” here Mr. Dombey backs away to get a better look at Pauls gaze. It adds colour to the text as well as paints a picture in the readers mind. Whereas, the second passage uses more descriptive words and less of flowery

language to help the reader understand what is going on. For instance: “now that the currency is worthless” the use of descriptive words gives the reader a clear image of the issue being discussed.

As the first passage is a fictional novel there are various sentence structures in this passage. For example: “Mr. Dombey was in difficulty.” Is an example of a simple sentence. “Laying his hands on the elbows of his little chair and turning the old face up towards Mr. Dombey’s.” is an example of a compound sentence. This creates a smooth flow of words for the reader to read. On the other hand, in the second passage there are quite a few simple and compound sentences as it is a newspaper article. For example: “one US dollar was trading at this date at around 25 billion ZW$” the order of points affects the reader’s response.

In the first passage there is an image of Paul being presented with a sub script underneath “painting of a boy by the Scottish artist William Quiller. This portrait in Dickens’ possession was his ideal image of little Paul in ‘Dombey and son’” which clearly explains why this portrait was used and tells the reader who painted it. It creates an image in the readers mind and the reader is left feeling satisfied. Similarly, in the second passage an image of the Zimbabwe currency is provided. However, there is no sub script is presented. This leaves something for the reader to think about. The presence of images in both passages is effective to the reader as well as produces an image in the readers mind.

To conclude it is believed that the both the authors have successfully and effectively achieved their purpose in their writing with the use of various techniques such as figures of speech, punctuation and clearly conveyed messages the authors have made their passages a great read for the readers.

About froebelianwriters

I am an English Language teacher teaching O'Levels Edexcel and CIE A Levels at Froebel's International School, Islamabad. I am also working as a Subject Specialist Literacy consultant for the same school. Writing and reading has always been a passion and I try my utmost to instill these habits and hobbies in my students as well. I can be reached/contacted at or 03365287335 Happy reading!

Comments are closed.